Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is an integration of science, theory and clinical knowledge for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well-being and personal development. Central to its practice are psychological assessment and psychotherapy, although clinical psychologists also engage in research, teaching, consultation, forensic testimony, and program development and administration. The field is often considered to have begun in 1896. Clinical psychologists are now considered experts in providing psychotherapy, psychological testing, and in diagnosing mental illness, and generally train within four primary theoretical orientations: psychodynamic, humanistic, behavior therapy/ cognitive behavioral, and systems or family therapy. Many continue clinical training in which they might specialize in disciplines such as psychoanalytic approaches, or child and adolescent treatment modalities. ~Wikipedia